often shortened to Newcastle,
is a historic city in north-east
England on the
river Tyne. It was
founded by the
Romans but owes its name to the castle built there in 1080 A.D.
after the Norman conquest.
The city was an important centre for the wool trade, coal
mining, and as a port and shipyard.
Today these industries have gone and Newcastle is a cultural
and business centre.
Newcastle is renowned for its nightlife -
in fact popular guidebook The
Rough Guide to Britain lists
it as the country's number 1 tourist attraction! The city centre, Quayside and Bigg
Market areas of the
city host a diverse range
of pubs, bars, restaurants and clubs. Unsurprisingly it is a
favourite destination for stag and hen
A principle attraction
in Newcastle is the Baltic Gallery which
hosts free exhibitions of contemporary art. The gallery is situated on the
banks of the Tyne in an impressive
industrial building which used to be a
Not far from Newcastle, at Gateshead,
stands the huge and much-loved Angel of the North, an
iconic sculpture by Anthony Gormley of a steel angel with
aeroplane-like wings. In 1998 the Angel was the centre of
controversy when fans of Newcastle football team decorated
the statue with an enormous football shirt.