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GRAMMATICA

TO HAVE (GOT) (VERBO AVERE)

 

Indice del Corso

Il verbo "Avere" in inglese si traduce con TO HAVE. Quando è usato con il significato di possedere può essere seguito dal rafforzativo GOT.

 

Attenzione!

quando  HAVE (GOT) è seguito dalla preposizione TO significa DOVERE.


Es: I've got to wash my car. (Devo lavare la macchina)

 

Forma AFFERMATIVA: Soggetto + TO HAVE (GOT) + complemento


Es:
Mark has got a car

 

 

Forma NEGATIVA: Soggetto + TO HAVE GOT + NOT + complemento 


Es:
Mark hasn't got a car

 

 

Forma INTERROGATIVATO HAVE + soggetto + GOT + complemento 


Es:
Has Mark got a car?

 

 

Forma INTERROGATIVA-NEGATIVA: forma contratta di TO HAVE e NOT + soggetto + GOT + complemento 


Es:
Hasn’t Mark got a car?

 

Simple Present

 

 

AFFERMATIVA

NEGATIVA*

INTERROGATIVA

Forma estesa

I have got

You have got

He has got

She has got

It has got

We have got

You have got

They have got

I have not got

You have not got

He has not got

She has not got

It has not got

We have not got

You have not got

They have not got

Have I got …?

Have you got …?

Has he got …?

Has she got …?

Has it got …?

Have we got …?

Have you got …?

Have they got …?

 

* Nella frase negativa con GOT è preferibile usare la forma contratta. Es:  I haven't got

Forma contratta

I’ve got

You’ve got

He’s got

She’s got

It’s got

We’ve got

You’ve got

They’ve got

I haven’t got

You haven’t got

He hasn’t got

She hasn’t got

It hasn’t got

We haven’t got

You haven’t got

They haven’t got

Haven't I got …?

Haven't you got …?

Hasn't he got …?

Hasn't she got …?

Hasn't it got …?

Haven't we got …?

Haven't you got …?

Haven't they got …?

 

Attenzione! 
Quando
TO HAVE ha un significato diverso da possedere,

 

Es: I have a shower every morning.  (“Faccio la doccia ogni mattina”)

 

non si usa il rafforzativo GOT e la frase negativa, interrogativa e interrogativa-negativa si forma con gli ausiliari DO/DOES/DID.

         

              Es: I don’t have lunch at 12 (“Non pranzo alle 12”)

 

                   Does she have breakfast alone?  (“Fa colazione da sola?”)

 

                   Did you have a nice flight?  (“Hai fatto un buon volo?”)

 

N.B. E' anche possibile formare la frase negativa, interrogativa e interrogativa-negativa con gli ausiliari DO/DOES/DID anche quando il verbo TO HAVE ha il significato di possedere, senza l'uso di GOT.

Es: Does he have a car? (Ha una macchina?)


 

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