CORSO Di INGLESE BASE INTERMEDIATE

di Antonio Portaluri e Raffaele Nardella

GRAMMATICA

TO BE (VERBO ESSERE)

Indice del Corso

Il verbo "Essere" in inglese si traduce con TO BE. In base al tipo di forma della frase, il verbo essere cambia la propria posizione all'interno della frase e/o si unisce alla particella NOT.

Forma AFFERMATIVA: Soggetto + TO BE + complemento 


Es:
Mark is at home.

Forma NEGATIVA:  Soggetto + TO BE + NOT + complemento 


Es:
Mark is not at home.

Forma INTERROGATIVA: TO BE + soggetto + complemento 


Es:
Is Mark at home?

Forma INTERROGATIVA-NEGATIVA:  Forma contratta di  BE/ NOT + soggetto + complemento 


Es:
Isn’t Mark at home?

Simple Present

 

 

Aff

Neg

Interrog

Inter-Neg

Forma estesa

I am

I am not

Am I …?

(E' preferibile usare la forma contratta)

You are

You are not

Are you…?

He is

He is not

Is he…?

She is

She is not

Is she…?

It is

It is not

Is it…?

We are

We are not

Are we…?

You are

You are not

Are you…?

They are

They are not

Are they…?

 Forma contratta

I’m

I’m not

(La frase interrogativa non ha la forma contratta)

Aren’t I…?*

You’re

You’re not 
You aren’t

Aren’t you…?

He’s

He’s not
He isn’t

Isn’t he…?

She’s

She’s not
She isn’t

Isn’t she…?

It’s

It’s not 
It isn’t

Isn’t it…?

We’re

We’re not
 
We aren’t

Aren’t we…?

You’re

You’re not
You aren’t

Aren’t you…?

They're

They're not
They aren't

Aren't they?

 

 

*Attenzione! La forma estesa viene usata prevalentemente nella lingua scritta.

La forma contratta di Am I not…? nella lingua parlata è Aren’t I…?

 


 

Laboratorio Multimediale

 

4 Esercizi

 


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