AudioGrammatica Inglese

del prof. Raffaele Nardella

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VERBO AVERE

 

L'argomento grammaticale affrontato in questa pagina riguarda il Verbo Avere [To Have (Got)]:

- l'infinito

- il Simple Present in tutte le forme

- le risposte brevi con il Simple Present

- il Simple Past in tutte le forme

- le risposte brevi con il Simple Past

- le espressioni idiomatiche

Al termine della lezione nell'area Laboratorio di Inglese Interattivo è possibile svolgere 5 esercizi con feedback immediato per valutare la comprensione dell'argomento.


 

 

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Infinito

to have (got)


SIMPLE PRESENT - Forma Affermativa

Simple Present

Forma contratta

Esempi

I have (got)

I've (got)

I've (got) two brothers.

I have (got) two brothers. -> Ho due fratelli

you have (got)

you've (got)

You've (got) a new car.

You have (got) a new car. -> Hai una macchina nuova

he has (got)

he's (got)

He's (got) my computer.

He has (got) my computer. -> Ha il mio computer

she has (got)

she's (got)

She's (got) a rabbit.

She has (got) a rabbit. -> Ha un coniglio

it has (got)

it's (got)

It's (got) three bedrooms.

It has (got) three bedrooms. -> Ha tre camere da letto

we have (got)

we've (got)

We've (got) a lot of CDs.

We have (got) a lot of CDs. -> Abbiamo molti CD

you have (got)

you've (got)

You've (got) blue eyes.

You have (got) blue eyes. -> Avete gli occhi blu

they have (got)

they've (got)

They've (got) an exam.

They have (got) the exam. -> Hanno l'esame


SIMPLE PRESENT - Forma Negativa

Simple Present

Forme contratte

Esempi

I have not got

I haven't got

I have not got any brothers.

I haven't got any brothers. -> Non ho fratelli

you have not got

you haven't got

You have not got a new car.

You haven't got a new car. -> Non hai una macchina nuova

he has not got

he hasn't got

He has not got my computer.

He hasn't got my computer. -> Non ha il mio computer

she has not got

she hasn't got

She has not got a bike.

She hasn't got a bike. -> Non ha una bici

it has not got

it hasn't got

It has not got three bedrooms.

It hasn't got three bedrooms.   -> Non ha tre camere da letto

we have not got

we haven't got

We have not got so many CDs.

We haven't got so many CDs. -> Non abbiamo così tanti CD

you have not got

you haven't got

You have not got blue eyes.

You haven't got blue eyes. -> Non avete gli occhi blu

they have not got

they haven't got

They have not got the exam.

They haven't got the exam. -> Non hanno l'esame


SIMPLE PRESENT - Forma Interrogativa

Simple Present

Esempi

have I got

Have I got any chances? -> Ho delle possibilità?

have you got

Have you got the tickets? -> Hai i biglietti?

has he got

What has he got in his pocket? -> Cosa ha in tasca?

has she got

How many sisters has she got? -> Quante sorelle ha?

has it got

Has it got a garden? -> Ha il giardino

have we got

Have we got any science-fiction books? -> Abbiamo dei libri di fantascienza?

have you got

What have you got? -> Cosa hai?

have they got

Have they got a mobile phone? -> Hanno un cellulare?


SIMPLE PRESENT - Forma Interrogativa-Negativa

Simple Present

Esempi

haven't I got

Haven't I got any chances? -> Non ho delle possibilità?

haven't you got

Haven't you got the tickets? -> Non hai i biglietti?

hasn't he got

Hasn't he got a brother? -> Non ha un fratello?

hasn't she got

Hasn't she got a diploma? -> Non ha un diploma?

hasn't it got

Hasn't it got a beautiful tail? -> Non ha un bella coda?

haven't we got

Haven't we got time for a walk? -> Non abbiamo tempo per una passeggiata?

haven't you got

Haven't you got a new car? -> Non avete una macchina nuova?

haven't they got

Haven't they got two children? -> Non hanno due figli?


Risposte brevi

 

Have you got a pen?  Yes, I have/No, I haven't -> Hai una penna? Sì/No

 

Has Jane got a pen?  Yes, she has/No, she hasn't  -> Jane ha una penna? Sì/No



 

SIMPLE PAST - Forma Affermativa

 

Nota: al passato non si usa il got e pertanto il verbo have necessita dell'ausiliare did nelle forme NEGATIVA, INTERROGATIVA e INTERROGATIVA-NEGATIVA come riportato nelle tabelle qui in basso

 

Simple Past

Esempi

I had

I had a new car. -> Avevo un'auto nuova

you had

You had an old computer. -> Avevi un computer vecchio

he had

He had a lot of CDs. -> Aveva molti CD

she had

She had two dogs. -> Aveva due cani

it had

It had a very long tail. -> Aveva una coda molto lunga

we had

We had only one minute. -> Avevamo solo un minuto

you had

You had our keys. -> Avevate le nostre chiavi

they had

They had a chance. -> Hanno avuto una possibilità


SIMPLE PAST - Forma Negativa Contratta

Simple Past

Esempi

I didn't have

I didn't have a new car. -> Non avevo un'auto nuova

you didn't have

You didn't have an old computer.  -> Non avevi un vecchio computer

he didn't have

He didn't have a lot of CDs. -> Non aveva molti CD

she didn't have

She didn't have two dogs. -> Non aveva due cani

it didn't have

It didn't have a very long tail. -> Non aveva una coda molto lunga

we didn't have

We didn't have only one minute. -> Non avevamo solo un minuto

you didn't have

You didn't have our keys. -> Non avevate le nostre chiavi

they didn't have

They didn't have any chances. -> Non hanno avuto nessuna possibilità


SIMPLE PAST - Forma Interrogativa

Simple Past

Esempi

Did I have

Did I have any chances?-> Avevo qualche possibilità?

Did you have

Did you have an old computer? -> Avevi un computer vecchio?

Did he have

Did he have many CDs? -> Aveva molti CD?

Did she have

Did she have two dogs? -> Aveva due cani?

Did it have

Did it have a garden? -> Aveva un giardino?

Did we have

Did we have enough time? -> Abbiamo avuto abbastanza tempo?

Did you have

Did you have our keys? -> Avete avuto le nostre chiavi?

Did they have

Did they have blue eyes?  -> Avevano gli occhi blu?


SIMPLE PAST - Forma Interrogativa-Negativa

Simple Past

Esempi

Didn't I have

Didn't I have any chances? -> Non avevo nessuna possibilità?

Didn't you have

Didn't you have an old computer? -> Non avevi un computer vecchio?

Didn't he have

Didn't he have many CDs? -> Non aveva molti CD?

Didn't she have

Didn't she have two dogs? -> Non aveva due cani?

Didn't it have

Didn't it have a garden? -> Non aveva il giardino?

Didn't we have

Didn't we have enough time? -> Non abbiamo avuto abbastanza tempo?

Didn't you have

Didn't you have our keys? -> Non avevate le nostre chiavi?

Didn't they have

Didn't they have blue eyes? -> Non avevano gli occhi blu?


Risposte brevi

 

Did you have an old computer?  Yes, I did./No, I didn't. -> Avevi un computer vecchio? Sì/No

 

Did Jane have two dogs?  Yes, she did./No, she didn't. -> Jane aveva due cani? Sì/No



Espressioni idiomatiche

 

Senza la forma contratta e con l'uso di do, does e did per le forme negativa, interrogativa e interrogativo-negativa:

to have breakfast/lunch/dinner -> fare colazione/pranzare/cenare

to have a shower -> fare una doccia

to have a swim -> fare una nuotata/un bagno

to have a coffee/a drink -> prendere un caffè/una bibita

to have fun/a good time-> divertirsi

to have a look (at) -> dare un'occhiata (a)

to have a nice day -> passare una buona giornata

 

Esempi:

She has breakfast at 8. -> Fa colazione alle 8

I never have coffee in the evening. -> Non prendo mai il caffè di sera

Where do they have lunch? -> Dove pranzano?

Did you have a good time? -> Vi siete divertiti?

He doesn't usually have a shower in the morning. -> Di solito non fa la doccia la mattina

We didn't have a nice day. -> Non abbiamo trascorso una bella giornata


 

Laboratorio di Inglese Interattivo

 

Esercizio 1

Esercizio 2

Esercizio 3

Esercizio 4

Esercizio 5

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