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Computers

Step 1

Tablet.jpg

The computer is an electronic device which stores information, processes it and presents the results.

There are different types of computers, but the main categories are:

mainframes, which are big computers used to process huge quantities of data;

personal computers (PCs), the most common ones in the office or at home;

portable computers, including laptops, notebooks and pocket computers or palmtops.

The two main parts of the computer system are called hardware and software: hardware is the mechanical equipment making up the computer; software is the set of instructions that make the computer work.


Glossary


device = strumento
stores
= memorizza
processes
= elabora
results
= risultati
types
= tipi/modelli
main
= principali
mainframes
= elaboratori centrali
huge
= enormi
the most common ones
= quelli più comuni
portable
= portatili
laptops
= computer portatili
pocket_computers
= computer tascabili
palmtops
= computer palmari
hardware
= l'insieme dei componenti che costutiscono fisicamente il computer
software
= l'insieme dei programmi che il computer utilizza per elaborare i dati
making_up
= che costituisce
work
= funzionare

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Computers

Step 2

Printer

Some hardware elements are:

- the processor, the part of the computer that performs operations on the information that is put into it;

- the RAM (Random Access Memory), a type of computer memory which can be changed as necessary;

- the ROM (Read Only Memory), a type of computer memory which holds information that can be used but not changed or added to ;

- the hard disk, a magnetic device that is fixed inside a computer and stores a very large amount of information.

 

Other important components of a computer system are:
- the Monitor: a device that takes signals from a computer and displays them on a screen;
- the Keyboard: a set of keys that you press in order to operate the computer;
- the Mouse: a device you use with the computer system; by moving it across a surface and pressing its buttons you can perform operations without using the keyboard;
- the Printer, a machine that can be connected to a computer that prints the results of data processing.

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Glossary


processor = elaboratore
performs = esegue
put into = inserite
RAM (Random Access Memory) = Memoria ad Accesso non Sequenziale
as necessary = all'occorrenza
ROM (Read Only Memory) = Memoria di Sola Lettura
holds = contiene
changed = modificate
added to = aumentate
hard disk = disco rigido
inside = dentro
amount = quantità
signals = segnali
displays = mostra
screen = schermo
keyboard = tastiera
keys = tasti
in order to operate = per far funzionare
across a surface = su una superficie
buttons = pulsanti
without using = senza usare
printer = stampante
can be connected = può essere collegata
prints = stampa
results = risultati
data processing = elaborazione dei dati

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