AudioGrammatica Inglese

del prof. Raffaele Nardella

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PAST PERFECT

 

L'argomento grammaticale affrontato in questa pagina riguarda il  Past Perfect dei verbi:

- la forma affermativa

- la forma negativa

- la forma interrogativa

- la forma interrogativa-negativa

- le risposte brevi

- l'uso del Past Perfect

Al termine della lezione nell'area Laboratorio di Inglese Interattivo è possibile svolgere 5 esercizi con feedback immediato per valutare la comprensione dell'argomento.


 

 

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Past Perfect

Past Simple TO HAVE + Participio Passato del Verbo

*Il Participio Passato dei verbi regolari si forma come il Passato Semplice (infinito senza TO + ed), per quello dei verbi irregolari invece, consultare la pagina dei Paradigmi dei Verbi Irregolari


Forma affermativa

Past Perfect TO WORK

Esempio

I had worked (I'd worked)

I had worked hard that week -> Avevo lavorato molto quella settimana

you had worked (you'd worked)

You had worked all night long -> Avevi lavorato tutta la notte

he had worked (he'd worked)

Bob had worked in London last summer -> Bob aveva lavorato a Londra l'estate scorsa

she had worked (she'd worked)

She had worked as a teacher -> Aveva lavorato come insegnante

it had worked (it'd worked)

It had worked very well -> Aveva funzionato molto bene

we had worked (we'd worked)

We had worked at home-> Avevamo lavorato a casa

you had worked (you'd worked)

You had worked together -> Avevate lavorato insieme

they had worked (they'd worked)

They had worked here -> Avevano lavorato qui


Forma Negativa

Soggetto + had not (hadn't) + Participio Passato del verbo

Past Perfect TO WORK

Esempio

I hadn't worked

I hadn't worked hard that week -> Non avevo lavorato molto quella settimana

you hadn't worked

You hadn't worked all night long -> Non avevi lavorato tutta la notte

he hadn't worked

Bob hadn't worked in London last summer -> Bob non aveva lavorato a Londra l'estate scorsa

she hadn't worked

She hadn't worked as a teacher -> Non aveva lavorato come insegnante

it  hadn't worked

It hadn't worked very well -> Non aveva funzionato molto bene

we hadn't worked

We hadn't worked at home -> Non avevamo lavorato a casa

you hadn't worked

You hadn't worked together -> Non avevate lavorato insieme

they hadn't worked

They hadn't worked here -> Non avevano lavorato qui



 

Forma Interrogativa

 

Had + Soggetto + Participio Passato del verbo

 

Past Simple TO WORK

Esempio

had I worked

Had I worked hard that week? -> Avevo lavorato molto quella settimana?

had you worked

Had you worked all night long? -> Avevi lavorato tutta la notte?

had he worked

Had Bob worked in London last summer? -> Bob aveva lavorato a Londra l'estate scorsa?

had she worked

Had she worked as a teacher? -> Aveva lavorato come insegnante?

had it worked

Had it worked well? -> Aveva funzionato bene?

had we worked

Had we worked for nothing? -> Avevamo lavorato per niente?

had you worked

Had you worked together? -> Avevate lavorato insieme?

had they worked

Had they worked here? -> Avevano lavorato qui?


 

Forma Interrogativa-Negativa

 

Hadn't + Soggetto + Participio Passato del verbo

 

Past Simple TO worked

Esempio

hadn't I worked

Hadn't I worked hard that week? -> Non avevo lavorato molto quella settimana?

hadn't you worked

Hadn't you worked all night long? -> Non avevi lavorato tutta la notte?

hadn't he worked

Hadn't Bob worked in London? -> Bob non aveva lavorato a Londra l'estate scorsa?

hadn't she worked

Hadn't she worked as a teacher? -> Non aveva lavorato come insegnante?

hadn't it worked

Hadn't it worked well? -> Non aveva funzionato bene?

hadn't we worked

Hadn't we worked for you? -> Non avevamo lavorato per te?

hadn't you worked

Hadn't you worked together? -> Non avevate lavorato insieme?

hadn't they worked

Hadn't they worked here? -> Non avevano lavorato qui?



 

Risposte brevi

 

Had you worked all night long? Yes, I had/No, I hadn't -> Avevi lavorato tutta la notte? Sì/No

 

Had Bob ever worked in London before? Yes, he had/No, he hadn't -> Bob aveva mai lavorato a Londra prima? Sì/No

 


 

Uso del Past Perfect

  • Anche con i verbi intransitivi

    Es: She had arrived -> Era arrivata

     

  • Azioni avvenute prima di altre già conclusesi nel passato

    Es: When they got to the airport the plane had already taken off -> Quando arrivarono all'aeroporto l'aereo era già decollato


 

Laboratorio di Inglese Interattivo

 

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