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Grammatica Inglese di Base
del prof. Raffaele Nardella

Simple Past: Forma Negativa e Interrogativa

Introduzione

Gli argomenti grammaticali affrontati in questa pagina riguardano il Simple Past, e in particolare:

- forma negativa

- forma interrogativa

- forma interrogativa-negativa

- risposte brevi (short answers)

- costruzione delle domande che iniziano con gli interrogativi WH (Wh- questions)

Al termine della lezione grammaticale è presente la sezione Laboratorio di Inglese Online dove svolgere gli esercizi interattivi.


Forma Negativa, Interrogativa e Interrogativa-Negativa

Le forme negativa, interrogativa e interrogativa-negativa del Simple Past si costruiscono con l'ausiliari DID per tutte le persone, singolari e plurali.
Le frasi negative sono formate aggiungendo didn't (informale) o did not (formale) davanti alla forma base del verbo.
Anche le frasi interrogative vengono costruite usando l'ausiliare did. Questa volta però, l'ausiliare viene posto davanti al soggetto e il verbo è espresso nella sua Forma Base
La frase interrogativa-negativa si ottiene con l'ausiliare didn't davanti al soggetto, segue poi la forma base del verbo.
Le tabelle che seguono mostrano i 3 tipi di costruzione della frase

Forma Negativa

Soggetto Ausiliare Forma Base Esempi
I didn't work I didn't work last Saturday
you didn't work You didn't work hard
he didn't work Bob didn't work for a bank
she didn't work Nancy didn't work in a team
it didn't work The escalator didn't work
we didn't work We didn't work in this place
you didn't work You didn't work at home
they didn't work They didn't work at all
Le frasi nella colonna degli Esempi sono costruite in modo informale con didn't, ma hanno anche la costruzione formale con did not. Esempio: I did not work last Saturday

Forma Interrogativa

Ausiliare Soggetto Forma Base Esempi
do I work Did I work too much?
did you work Did you work last Sunday?
did he work Did Bob work in the office?
did she work Did Nancy work alone?
did it work Did this escalator work?
did we work Did we work all together?
did you work Did you work for a bank?
did they work Did your friends work hard?

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Forma Interrogativa-Negativa

Ausiliare Soggetto Forma Base Esempi
didn't I work didn't I work too much?
didn't you work didn't you work last Sunday?
didn't he work didn't Bob work in the office?
didn't she work didn't Nancy work at home?
didn't it work didn't this escalator work?
didn't we work didn't we work all together?
didn't you work didn't you work for a bank?
didn't they work didn't your friends work hard?

esamidinglese.com

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Risposte Brevi (Short Answers)

Le Short Answers sono brevi risposte date a domande che prevedono in genere un Sì o un No e sono preferite alle risposte secche (Sì/No). Si formano al Simple Past utilizzando, dopo Yes o No, il soggetto sempre in forma di pronome personale seguito da did o didn't.

Yes/No Questions Short Answer
Did they work in London? Yes, they did
No, they didn't
Did George and Michael work in London? Yes, they did
No, they didn't
Did she drive to work yesterday? Yes, she did
No, she didn't
Did Rachel drive to work yesterday? Yes, she did
No, she didn't

WH Questions

Le Wh- Questions (domande che usano avverbi interrogativi, aggettivi e pronomi interrogativi come What, Where, Why, When, Which, Who, How) si formano ponendo l'ausiliare did davanti al soggetto, aggiungendo all'inizio della domanda l'avverbio interrogativo, l'aggettivo o il pronome interrogativo Wh-
Interrogativo forma interrogativa Esempi
Why did they work Why did they work on Sundays?
What did you study What did you study?
Where did they live Where did they live in 2014?
Which car did she drive Which car did she drive?

Laboratorio Online Interattivo

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