GRAMMATICA INGLESE DI BASE di Raffaele Nardella  GRAMMATICA INGLESE DI BASE   del prof. Raffaele Nardella

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FUTURO con TO BE GOING TO

 

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Introduzione

Gli argomenti affrontati in questa pagina della Grammatica Inglese sono:

  • Formazione del Futuro con TO BE GOING TO detto anche Futuro Intenzionale

    • Forma Affermativa

    • Forma Negativa

    • Forma Interrogativa

    • Forma Interrogativa-Negativa

  • Uso del Futuro Intenzionale

Al termine della presentazione grammaticale è presente la sezione Laboratorio di Inglese Online dove poter svolgere esercizi interattivi.

TO BE GOING TO: FORMAZIONE

 

In inglese ci sono molti modi per esprimere il tempo futuro. Uno dei più comuni è il Futuro Intenzionale con la costruzione to be going to

 

Per creare una forma verbale con to be going to, è necessario mettere il Simple Present del verbo to be nella voce corretta e poi aggiungere going to + la forma base del verbo.

 

Nota anche che be viene spesso abbreviato. Le tabelle che seguono elencano le forme principali del verbo to leave

 

 

FORMA AFFERMATIVA

 

Soggetto

Simple Present to be

going to Forma Base Esempio

I

am

going to

leave

I'm going to leave

You

are

going to

leave

You're going to leave

He

is

going to

leave

He's going to leave

She

is

going to

leave

She's going to leave

It

is

going to

leave

It's going to leave

We

are

going to

leave

We're going to leave

You

are

going to

leave

You're going to leave

They

are

going to

leave

They're going to leave

 

 

FORMA NEGATIVA

 

La forma negativa si ottiene semplicemente aggiungendo il not al verbo essere

 

Soggetto

Simple Present to be+not

going to Forma Base Esempio

I

am not

going to

leave

I'm not going to leave

You

aren't

going to

leave

You aren't going to leave

You're not going to leave

He

isn't

going to

leave

He isn't going to leave

He's not going to leave

She

isn't

going to

leave

She isn't going to leave

She's not going to leave

It

isn't

going to

leave

It isn't going to leave

It's not going to leave

We

aren't

going to

leave

We aren't going to leave

We're not going to leave

You

aren't

going to

leave

You aren't going to leave

You're not going to leave

They

aren't

going to

leave

They aren't going to leave

They're not going to leave

 

Nota che si può contrarre il verbo essere con il soggetto o con il not

 

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FORMA INTERROGATIVA

 

La forma interrogativa si ottiene con il verbo essere davanti al soggetto, cui segue poi going to + la forma base del verbo.

 

Simple Present to be

Soggetto

going to Forma Base Esempio

Am

I

going to

leave

Am I going to leave?

Are

you

going to

leave

Are you going to leave?

Is

he

going to

leave

Is he going to leave?

Is

she

going to

leave

Is she going to leave?

Is

it

going to

leave

Is it going to leave?

Are

we

going to

leave

Are we going to leave?

Are

you

going to

leave

Are you going to leave?

Are

they

going to

leave

Are they going to leave?

 

 

FORMA INTERROGATIVA-NEGATIVA

 

La forma interrogativa-negativa si ottiene con la forma negativa del verbo essere davanti al soggetto, cui segue poi going to + la forma base del verbo.

Nota che con la prima persona singolare il not si pone dopo il soggetto

 

Simple Present to be+not

Soggetto

going to Forma Base Esempio

Am

I   not

going to

leave

Am I not going to leave?

Aren't

you

going to

leave

Aren't you going to leave?

Isn't

he

going to

leave

Isn't he going to leave?

Isn't

she

going to

leave

Isn't she going to leave?

isn't

it

going to

leave

Isn't it going to leave?

Aren't

we

going to

leave

Aren't we going to leave?

Aren't

you

going to

leave

Aren't you going to leave?

Aren't

they

going to

leave

Aren't they going to leave?

 

 

TO BE GOING TO: USO

 

To be going to si usa di solito con il significato di STARE PER o AVERE INTENZIONE DI oppure quando qualcosa è stata già programmata o definita.

 

Nota che si tende ad omettere il verbo to go (andare) nella costruzione del futuro intenzionale.

Es: He is going to go to the cinema this evening diventa He is going to the cinema this evening

 

Situazione Esempio

Azione già programmata o definita

I'm going to leave tomorrow at 6.30. = Partirò domani alle 6.30.

(La partenza è stata già programmata e organizzata)

Con il significato di

AVERE INTENZIONE DI

I'm going to make the supper this evening. = Ho intenzione di preparare la cena stasera.

Con il significato di

STARE PER

Look at those clouds! It's going to rain! = Guarda quelle nuvole! Sta per piovere!


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