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Simple Present TO BE

esamidinglese.com

 

Esamidinglese.com

 


Forma Affermativa


 

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Infinito

to be 


Forma Affermativa = SOGGETTO + AM, ARE, IS


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TO BE

Forma contratta*

Esempi

I am I'm

I'm a student.

I am a student. = Sono (uno) studente

you are you're

You're nice.

You are nice. = Sei simpatico

he is he's

He's my brother.

He is my brother. = E' mio fratello

she is she's

She's my sister.

She is my sister. = E' mia sorella

it is it's

It's his dog.

It is his dog. = E' il suo cane

we are we're

We're English.

We are English. = Siamo inglesi

you are you're

You're students.

You are students. = Siete studenti

they are they're

They're your friends.

They are your friends.= Sono (i) tuoi/vostri amici


*La forma contratta è quella più usata nel linguaggio colloquiale




Forma Negativa

 

Forma Negativa = SOGGETTO + AM, ARE, IS + NOT


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TO BE

Forma contratta**

Esempi

I am not I'm not

I am not a student.

I'm not a student. = Non sono (uno) studente

you are not you're not
you aren't

You are not nice.

You're not nice.

You aren't nice. = Non sei simpatico

he is not he's not
he isn't

He is not my brother.

He's not my brother.

He isn't my brother. = Non è mio fratello

she is not she's not
she isn't

She is not my sister.

She's not my sister.

She isn't my sister. = Non è mia sorella

it is not it's not
it isn't

It is not his dog.

It's not his dog.

It isn't his dog. = Non è il suo cane

we are not we're not
we aren't

We are not English.

We're not English.

We aren't English. = Non siamo inglesi

you are not you're not
you aren't

You are not students.

You're not students.

You aren't students. = Non siete studenti

they are not they're not
they aren't

They are not your friends.

They're not your friends.

They aren't your friends.= Non sono tuoi/vostri amici

 

**La forme contratte sono le più usate


Forma Interrogativa

 

Forma Interrogativa = AM, ARE, IS + SOGGETTO

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TO BE

Esempi

am I

Am I wrong?= Ho torto?

are you

Are you English?= Sei inglese?

is he

Is he a teacher?= E' un insegnante?

is she

Is she your girlfriend?= E' la tua fidanzata?

is it

I found this wallet. Is it yours? = Ho trovato questo portafogli. E' il tuo?

are we

Are we alone? = Siamo soli?

are you

Are you students? = Siete studenti?

are they

Are they your friends?= Sono (i) tuoi/vostri amici?

Forma Interrogativa-Negativa

 

Forma Interrogativa-Negativa = AREN'T/ISN'T + SOGGETTO

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TO BE

Esempi

aren't I

Aren't I wrong?= Non ho torto?

aren't you

Aren't you English?= Non sei inglese?

isn't he

Isn't he a teacher?= Non è un insegnante?

isn't she

Isn't she your girlfriend?= Non è la tua fidanzata?

isn't it

I found this wallet. Isn't it yours? = Ho trovato questo portafogli. Non è il tuo?

aren't we

Aren't we alone? = Non siamo soli?

aren't you

Aren't you students? = Non siete studenti?

aren't they

Aren't they your friends?= Non sono (i) tuoi/vostri amici?


Short Answers (Risposte Brevi)

 

Nelle risposte brevi, dopo "Yes" o "No" si usa sempre il pronome personale; la forma contratta si usa solo nelle negazioni.

 

 

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Are you Italian?  Yes, I am./No, I'm not. = Sei italiano? Sì/No

Is Jane nice?  Yes, she is./No, she isn't. = E' carina Jane? Sì/No

Are you tired? Yes, we are./No, we aren't. = Siete stanchi? Sì/No

 


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Esamidinglese.com

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