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Past Perfect Progressive (Continuous)

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Forma Affermativa


Past Perfect Progressive o Past Perfect Continuous
PAST PERFECT TO BE + forma -ING del verbo

 

Consultare il gerundio dei verbi all'interno della grammatica per la costruzione della forma ING

 

SOGGETTO + PAST PERFECT TO BE + forma -ING del verbo + COMPLEMENTI


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TO WORK Esempi
I had been working
I'd* been working
I had been working hard that week = Lavoravo molto quella settimana
you had been working
you'd been working
You had been working all night long = Lavoravi tutta la notte
he had been working
he'd been working
Bob had been working in London = Bob stava lavorando
she had been working
she'd been working
She had been working as a teacher = Lavorava come insegnante
it had been working
it'd been working
It had been working very well = Funzionava molto bene
we had been working
we'd been working
We had been working at home= Stavamo lavorando a casa
you had been working
you'd been working
You had been working together = Stavate lavorando insieme
they had been working
they'd been working
They had been working here = Stavano lavorando qui

*La forma contratta 'D è quella più usata nel linguaggio colloquiale.



Forma Negativa

 

SOGGETTO + PAST PERFECT TO BE + NOT + forma -ING del verbo + COMPLEMENTI


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TO WORK

Esempi

I hadn't been working I hadn't been working hard that week = Non stavo lavorando molto quella settimana
you hadn't been working You hadn't been working all night long = Non stavo lavorando tutta la notte
he hadn't been working Bob hadn't been working in London = Bob non lavorava a Londra
she hadn't been working She hadn't been working as a teacher = Non lavorava come insegnante
it  hadn't been working It hadn't been working very well = Non funzionava molto bene
we hadn't been working We hadn't been working at home = Non stavamo lavorando a casa
you hadn't been working You hadn't been working together = Non stavate lavorando insieme
they hadn't been working They hadn't been working here = Non lavoravano qui


Forma Interrogativa

 

HAD + SOGGETTO + BEEN + forma -ING del verbo + COMPLEMENTI


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TO WORK Esempi
Had I been working Had I been working hard that week? = Stavo lavorando molto quella settimana?
Had you been working Had you been working all night long? = Lavoravi tutta la notte?
Had he been working Had Bob been working in London? = Bob lavorava a Londra?
Had she been working Had she been working as a teacher? = Lavorava come insegnante?
Had it been working Had it been working well? = Stava funzionando bene?
Had we been working Had we been working for nothing? = Stavamo lavorando per niente?
Had you been working Had you been working together? = Lavoravate insieme?
Had they been working Had they been working here? = Stavano lavorando qui?

Forma Interrogativa-Negativa

 

HAD + NOT + SOGGETTO + BEEN + forma -ING del verbo + COMPLEMENTI


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TO WORK

Esempi

Hadn't I been working Hadn't I been working hard that week? = Non stavo lavorando molto quella settimana?
Hadn't you been working Hadn't you been working all night long? = Non stavi lavorando tutta la notte?
Hadn't he been working Hadn't Bob been working in London? = Bob non lavorava a Londra?
Hadn't she been working Hadn't she been working as a teacher? = Non lavorava come insegnante?
Hadn't it been working Hadn't it been working well? = Non stava funzionando bene?
Hadn't we been working Hadn't we been working for you? = Non stavamo lavorando per te?
Hadn't you been working Hadn't you been working together? = Non lavoravate insieme?
Hadn't they been working Hadn't they been working here? = Non lavoravano qui?

Short Answers (Risposte Brevi)

 

 

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Nelle risposte brevi, dopo "Yes" o "No" si usa sempre il pronome personale e la voce del verbo TO HAVE.

Had you been walking all night long? Yes, I had/No, I hadn't = Avevi camminato tutta la notte? Sì/No

Had Bob been flying to London when his baby was born? Yes, he had/No, he hadn't = Bob stava volando a Londra quando è nato suo figlio? Sì/No


Uso del Past Perfect Progressive

 

 

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Il PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE o CONTINUOUS si usa in inglese per descrivere la durata di un'azione, o di uno stato in corso, prima che sia avvenuta un'altra azione: entrambe le azioni sono già avvenute nel passato.

Nella lingua italiana si traduce con il tempo imperfetto dell'indicativo o con STARE + GERUNDIO del verbo

Es: I had been working for hours, when it started to rain  = Lavoravo/Stavo lavorando da ore quando iniziò a piovere

 

Si usa inoltre con FOR e SINCE con riferimento a verbi di azione quando si vuole sottolinearne la durata nel passato

Es: She had been looking for me since ten = Mi cercava/stava cercando dalle 10


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