GRAMMATICA INGLESE DI BASE di Raffaele Nardella  GRAMMATICA INGLESE DI BASE   del prof. Raffaele Nardella

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SIMPLE PAST e PARADIGMI IRREGOLARI

 

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Introduzione

Gli argomenti affrontati in questa pagina della Grammatica Inglese sono:

  • Formazione del Simple Past dei Verbi Irregolari

  • Paradigmi dei principali Verbi Irregolari

Al termine della presentazione grammaticale presente la sezione Laboratorio di Inglese Online dove poter svolgere esercizi interattivi.

SIMPLE PAST IRREGOLARE: FORMAZIONE

 

I tre verbi irregolari pi importanti sono to be (essere), to have (avere) e to do (fare) 

 

Nella seguente tabella sono elencate le forme del Simple Past Tense di questi verbi
 

Pronome Soggetto Be (Essere) Have (Avere) Do (Fare)
I was had did
You were had did
He She It was had did
We were had did
You were had did
They were had did

 

 

Altri verbi irregolari si dividono in 3 principali categorie

 

Categoria Esempi

verbi che non cambiano

cost - cost

cut - cut

hit - hit

fit - fit

verbi che cambiano la loro vocale

come - came

drink - drank

get - got

sit - sat

verbi che cambiano completamente

bring - brought

catch - caught

go - went

take - took

 

 

Nella tabella che segue sono elencati i paradigmi dei principali verbi irregolari inglesi.

 

La tabella composta da 4 colonne:

  • nella prima colonna presente l'Infinitive (Infinito) del verbo, composto dalla forma base preceduta dal to

     

  • nella seconda colonna elencato il paradigma del Simple Past,

     

  • nella terza colonna quello del Past Participle (Participo Passato) che viene usato per i tempi composti e per la formazione della voce passiva

     

  • nella quarta colonna la traduzione in italiano del verbo.

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Infinitive

Past Simple

Past Participle

Italiano
to arise arose arisen sorgere
to be (am, is, are) was, were been essere
to bear bore borne portare/sopportare
to beat beat beaten battere
to become became become diventare
to begin began begun incominciare
to bend bent bent piegare/piegarsi
to bet bet bet scommettere
to bite bit bitten mordere
to bleed bled bled sanguinare
to blow blew blown soffiare
to break broke broken rompere/rompersi
to breed bred bred allevare/generare
to bring brought brought portare
to build built built costruire
to burn burned, burnt burned, burnt bruciare
to buy bought bought comprare
to cast cast cast gettare
to catch caught caught prendere/acchiappare
to choose chose chosen scegliere
to come came come venire
to cost cost cost costare
to creep crept crept strisciare
to cut cut cut tagliare
to deal dealt dealt trattare
to dig dug dug scavare
to dive dived, dove dived tuffarsi
to do did done fare
to draw drew drawn disegnare
to dream dreamed, dreamt dreamed, dreamt sognare
to drink drank drunk bere
to drive drove driven guidare (auto)
to eat ate eaten mangiare
to fall fell fallen cadere
to feed fed fed nutrire
to feel felt felt sentire/sentirsi
to fight fought fought combattere
to find found found trovare
to flee fled fled fuggire
to fly flew flown volare
to forbid forbade forbidden proibire
to forget forgot forgotten, forgot dimenticare
to forgive forgave forgiven perdonare
to freeze froze frozen gelare
to get got gotten, got ottenere/diventare
to give gave given dare
to go went gone andare
to grind ground ground tritare
to grow grew grown crescere/coltivare
to hang hung hung appendere
to have had had avere
to hear heard heard udire
to hide hid hidden nascondere
to hold held held tenere/trattenere
to hurt hurt hurt ferire
to keep kept kept tenere/conservare
to kneel knelt, kneeled knelt, kneeled inginocchiarsi
to know knew known conoscere/sapere
to lay laid laid deporre/posare
to lead led led condurre/guidare
to learn learnt, learned learnt, learned imparare
to leave left left partire
to lend lent lent prestare
to let let let lasciare/permettere
to lie lay lain giacere/trovarsi
to light lighted, lit lighted, lit accendere
to lose lost lost perdere
to make made made fare/costruire
to mean meant meant significare
to meet met met incontrare
to pay paid paid pagare
to put put put mettere
to quit quit quit smettere
to read read read leggere
to ride rode ridden cavalcare
to ring rang rung suonare/squillare
to rise rose risen sorgere/alzarsi
to run ran run correre
to say said said dire
to see saw seen vedere
to seek sought sought cercare
to sell sold sold vendere
to send sent sent mandare/spedire
to set set set porre
to shake shook shaken scuotere
to shed shed shed versare
to shine shone shone brillare/splendere
to shoot shot shot sparare
to show showed shown mostrare
to shrink shrank shrunk, shrunken restringersi
to shut shut shut chiudere
to sing sang sung cantare
to sink sank sunk affondare
to sit sat sat sedersi
to sleep slept slept dormire
to slide slid slid scivolare
to speak spoke spoken parlare
to spend spent spent spendere/trascorrere
to spread spread spread diffondere/stendere
to spring sprang sprung saltare
to stand stood stood stare in piedi
to steal stole stolen rubare
to stick stuck stuck attaccare/attaccarsi
to sting stung stung pungere
to stink stank stunk puzzare
to strike struck struck, striken colpire
to strive strove striven lottare
to swear swore sworn giurare
to sweep swept swept spazzare/scopare
to swim swam swum nuotare
to swing swung swung dondolare
to take took taken prendere/portare
to teach taught taught insegnare
to tear tore torn strappare
to tell told told dire/raccontare
to think thought thought pensare
to throw threw thrown gettare
to tread trod trodden calpestare
to understand understood understood comprendere
to wake woke woken svegliare/svegliarsi
to wear wore worn indossare/logorare
to win won won vincere
to wind wound wound avvolgere
to wring wrung wrung torcere
to write wrote written scrivere

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